What Are the Different Types of Fiber Optic Cables?

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Fiber-optic cable, also known as optical-fiber cable, is an assembly similar to an electrical cable but contains one or more optical fibers used to carry light. Optical fiber components are usually individually coated with plastic layers and are in an environmentally friendly safety tube. Fiber optic cabling services in Houston arrange the best suitable cable for a different industry.

Summary of Multifiber

Multi-fiber has come a long way in 30 years. This is due to the increasing demand for high speed. Since OM1 and OM2 fiber cannot support high speeds, OM3 and OM4 became the main choice for Multi-fiber to support 25G, 40G, and 100G Ethernet. With more and more demands on the horizon, OM5 was developed to extend the benefits of Multi-fiber into data centers.

Single method fibers – OS1 and OS2

Single-mode fibers are identified by the OS or optical single-mode fiber. Single-mode cable has a much smaller core (8-9um) than Multi cable and uses a single path (mode) to carry light.OS1 type cable uses a tight buffer construction, while OS2 is a loose tube or inflatable cable construction.

OS1 Single-mode tight buffer cable

Each fiber has its own protective two-layer coating (color-coded to identify). The tight buffer allows for a smaller, lighter weight cable, which is more flexible and crushing than the loose tube. Installation is easy as there is no gel to clean and no fan-out kit is needed to stop the connector.

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Fiber optic cabling services in Houston Use in (indoor use) – Moderately Telco local loops, lane and point-to-point connections in cities, buildings, factories, office parks or premises. The OS 1 can support speeds up to 10G and up to 10 km (6 mi).

OS2 single-mode loose tube cable

All fibers are bare except for their outer finish. Each fiber has a color finish to identify it. In addition to this coating, the fiber “floats” in a coarse, abrasive, enlarged tube, usually filled with optical gel, which protects the fibers from moisture. The fan-out kit is required for the connector stop.

Fiber optic cabling services in Houston Use in (External use) High fiber count, long-distance Telco spine and backhaul lines, direct burying applications on streets and railways. The OS2 can support speeds of up to 100G and up to 200 km (124 mph).

Single method fiber compression

Single pattern jacket color is usually yellow for jumpers, but you can find many colors depending on the type of application and outer jacket.

Single-mode fiber is the standard choice for high data rates or long-range intervals and can carry signals at higher speeds than Multi fibers with a low signal response and external interference. It offers many advantages over Multi-fiber and is a great way to prove your network cabling infrastructure in the future.–